Commercial or industrial waste is a significant portion of solid waste which constitutes pollutants to the environment. It has been observed further that man through industrial, agricultural and the ever-increasing urbanization process, security and terrorist activities tend to directly and/or indirectly pollute the environment. (Jande, 2005; Aja, 2005).
Based on the continuous increase in the global human population, there has been a corresponding increase in the scarcity of basic human survival needs. The continuous consumption of these scarce resources raises concerns on the ability of the future generation to meet their own needs in years to come. The problems faced globally is a clear response of the ecosystem to human resource mismanagement; the global warming, increase in sea level, floods, earthquakes, disorder of seasons, are only a few of many complex problems that the world faces presently.
Sustainable development is the principle through which the above problem can be solved. One of the major approaches to sustainable development is the recycling of waste in an economic, social and environmental way and reducing the amount of waste being generated.
Production and consumption activities generate pollution and waste, and atmospheric environment can absorb pollution/waste up to a limit. Agriculture is one of the important production activities and crop residue burning generates a significant amount of air pollution. Burning of farm waste causes severe pollution of land and water on local as well as regional and global scales.
In Nigeria for instance, environmental related issues that occurs severely include: environmental pollution, sanitation, depletion of the ozone layer, desertification, flooding, erosion, poverty, bush burning, deforestation, soil conservation etc. All these mentioned above are a pointer to the fact that issues of environmental pollution have taken a center stage in Nigeria’s development process.
It has been observed further that man through industrial, agricultural and the ever-increasing urbanization process, security and terrorist activities tend to directly and/or indirectly pollute the environment.
The advent of technology, environmental, health and economic implications of bio-residues and wastes from agricultural and wood processing outfit has necessitated the need for their use for the production of value-added panel products.
These needs have led to a series of research efforts spanning decades, aimed at achieving different objectives of judicious use of agricultural residues and wastes.
Research/Proposals Director, ECO Sustainers.